CATEGORY - UPI
UPI transaction charges: Your comprehensive guide
UPI - 2 Dec 2023
UPI transaction charges: A comprehensive guide for merchants and consumers
India is a shining example of innovation and adoption in digital payments. The Unified Payments Interface (UPI), developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), has revolutionized how Indians make transactions, enabling real-time money transfers between bank accounts, merchants, and individuals using a mobile application. Amidst UPI’s convenience and security, understanding the associated transaction charges is crucial for merchants and consumers.
Demystifying UPI transaction charges: A merchant’s perspective
For merchants, UPI transaction charges, or interchange fees, represent a cost associated with accepting payments through PPIs (Prepaid Payment Instruments) such as digital wallets. These fees are levied to cover the expenses incurred during the transactions’ processing, acceptance, and authorization. The interchange fee structure varies depending on the transaction type and merchant category, ranging from 0.5% to 1.1%.
New UPI guidelines: A balanced approach to cost sharing
In April 2023, the NPCI introduced new guidelines to establish a fair and equitable cost-sharing mechanism for UPI transactions. These guidelines mandate that merchants pay an interchange fee of up to 1.1% on UPI transactions exceeding Rs.2,000 through PPIs. This measure ensures that the costs of maintaining the UPI infrastructure and facilitating seamless transactions are shared proportionally between merchants and banks.
Navigating interchange fees: A merchant’s guide
Impact on consumers: Ensuring a seamless experience
Wallet reloading charges: A shared responsibility
The responsibility for paying interchange fees falls squarely upon merchants, who must settle these charges with the card issuers or wallets enabling the transactions. While these fees do add to the overall cost structure, it is essential to note that they remain relatively low compared to traditional payment methods such as credit cards. Additionally, merchants can explore various strategies to mitigate the impact of interchange fees, such as negotiating lower rates with their payment partners or implementing alternative payment options.
UPI transaction charges remain largely transparent for consumers, as the customer does not directly bear them. As fee-paying entities, merchants absorb these charges within their overall pricing strategies. This ensures that consumers continue enjoying the convenience and cost-effectiveness of UPI transactions without additional burdens.
In the case of wallet recharging, a wallet-loading service charge of 0.15% is applicable when customers add funds to their wallets exceeding Rs.2,000. This charge is paid by PPI issuers to banks for facilitating the wallet-loading process. Customers remain unaffected by this charge, ensuring a seamless and consistent experience.
UPI: A catalyst for financial inclusion
UPI has emerged as a powerful tool for financial inclusion, enabling millions of Indians to participate in the digital economy. Its convenience, security, and cost-effectiveness have revolutionized how people make payments, fostering a cashless and inclusive society. The introduction of interchange fees, while adding a modest cost for merchants, is necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability and growth of the UPI ecosystem.
When customers make payments using PPIs (Prepaid Payment Instruments) such as digital wallets, UPI transaction charges or interchange fees are borne by merchants.
Interchange fees range from 0.5% to 1.1%, depending on the transaction type and merchant category.
New UPI guidelines mandate that merchants pay an interchange fee of up to 1.1% on UPI transactions exceeding Rs.2,000 made through PPIs.
Consumers remain unaffected by UPI transaction charges, as they are absorbed by merchants within their pricing strategies.
Wallet-loading service charges of 0.15% apply when customers recharge their wallets with amounts exceeding Rs.2,000. PPI issuers pay this charge to banks.
UPI continues to play a pivotal role in promoting financial inclusion and driving India’s digital transformation. Understanding UPI transaction charges is crucial for merchants and consumers to make informed decisions and optimize payment experiences.
Are there any charges for UPI transactions?
Does UPI charge for transactions?
No, there are no charges for UPI transactions made by individuals for personal transactions. However, there are charges for transactions made by merchants using PPIs (Prepaid Payment Instruments) such as digital wallets. These charges are known as interchange fees, ranging from 0.5% to 1.1%, depending on the transaction type and merchant category.
The new UPI guidelines, which took effect in April 2023, mandate that merchants pay an interchange fee of up to 1.1% on UPI transactions exceeding Rs.2,000 made through PPIs. This measure was introduced to ensure that the costs of maintaining the UPI infrastructure and facilitating seamless transactions are shared proportionally between merchants and banks.
Consumers are not directly affected by UPI transaction charges. Merchants absorb these charges within their overall pricing strategies.